NCERT Solutions Class 12 Sociology The Story of Indian Democracy. The NCERT solutions for Class 12 Sociology book have been made by Sociology teacher of one of the best CBSE school in India. Sociology in class 12 is an important subject for Class 12 Humanities students. Its easy to learn and can help to get good marks. These NCERT solutions have been made to give detailed answers and explanations which can be easily understood by the students. You can download the NCERT solutions for free in pdf format. Refer to other links also to download Class 12 Sociology NCERT solutions, worksheets, sample papers and test papers.
1.Interest groups are part and parcel of a functioning democracy. Discuss.
Interest groups are organised to pursue specific interest in the political arena,operating primarily by lobbying the members of the legislative bodies.
When certain groups feel that their interests are not being taken up, they may move to form an alternative party.
Democracy is a form of government for the people, by the people and of the people. In this system interest groups are formed for specific interest.
Interest groups are private organisation. They are formed to influence public policy.
These are non political systems and their main goal are to take care of their own interest.
Political parties are established organisations with the aim of achieving governmental power and using that power to pursue a specific programme. Different interest groups will work towards influencing political parties.
These organisations are regarded as movements until they achieve recognition.
The interest groups play a significant role in Indian democracy and they perform various important functions such as:
(a)Formation of Public Opinion: Using various forms of propaganda and communication, they mould public opinion. To get goodwill of public opinion and change in administrative system in their own favour they use T.V., radio, Email and various forms of social media, twitter and face book.
(b)Function at the time of Natural Disaster: These interest groups provide help during natural calamity like Himalayans Tsunami at Kedamath or earthquakes etc. By doing such social activities they get public attention and favour and they influence the government.
2. Read the snippets from the debates held in the Constituent Assembly. Identify the interest groups. Discuss what kind of interest groups exist in contemporary India. How do they function?
Answer. Snippets from the debates -- K.T. Shah said that the right to use full employment could and should be made real by a categoric obligation on the part of the state to provide useful work to every citizen who was able and qualified. -- B. Das spoke against classifying the functions of the government as justiciable and nonjusticiable. “I think it is the primary duty of Government to remove hunger and render social
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