NCERT Solutions Class 12 Sociology The Challenges of Cultural Diversity. The NCERT solutions for Class 12 Sociology book have been made by Sociology teacher of one of the best CBSE school in India. Sociology in class 12 is an important subject for Class 12 Humanities students. Its easy to learn and can help to get good marks. These NCERT solutions have been made to give detailed answers and explanations which can be easily understood by the students. You can download the NCERT solutions for free in pdf format. Refer to other links also to download Class 12 Sociology NCERT solutions, worksheets, sample papers and test papers.
1.What is meant by cultural diversity? Why is India considered to be a very diverse country?
Answer. - The term diversity implies differences rather than inequalities.
- When we say that India is a nation of great cultural diversity, we mean that there are many different types of social groups and communities living here.
- Different types of social groups and communities live here. There are communities with different cultural markers like language, religion, sect, race or caste.
- India is a pluralistic society. There is unity in diversity but its excessive diversity is becoming a challenge.
- When diverse communities (linguistic communities, religious communities, sects and so on) are, also, a part of a larger entity like a nation, then difficulties may be created by competition or conflict between them.
- Cultural diversity can present challenges which arise from the fact that cultural identities are very powerful-they can arouse intense passions and are often able to mobilize large numbers of people.
- Sometimes, cultural differences are accompanied by economic and social inequalities and this further complicates things.
- Measures to address the inequalities or injustices suffered by one community can provoke opposition from other communities. The situation gets worse when scarce resources like water, jobs or government funds have to be shared.
- 1632 different languages and dialects, different religions, diversity in climatic conditions and topography are causing serious challenges to the country.
2. What is community identity and how is it formed?
Answer. 1.Community identity is based on birth and belonging rather than on some forms of acquired qualifications or accomplishments.
2.These kind of identities are called ascriptive i.e. they are determined by birth and individual’s choice is not involved.
3.People feel a deep*sense of security and satisfaction in belonging to communities.
4.Ascriptive identities such as community identities are difficult to shake off; even if we choose to disown them, others may continue to identify us by those very markers of belonging.
5.Expanding and overlapping circles of community ties like family, kinship, ethnicity, language give meaning to our world and gives us a sense of identity.
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