NCERT Solutions class 11 Accountancy Chapter 6 Trial Balance and Rectification of Errors. NCERT book for Accountancy in class 11 is strongly recommened by teachers and the CBSE and NCERT boards. Please download the NCERT solutions for class 11 Accountancy free in PDF made by teachers of the best schools in India. These solutions are carefully compiled to give detailed understanding of the concepts and also steps of solutions. The NCERT solutions are free to download in pdf format. Please refer to the download link below to download the pdf file and also refer to other chapters and subjects to get the solutions to Accounts NCERT book questions and exercises.
Q1. State the meaning of a Trial Balance.
Solution: Trial balance is a statement prepared to check the arithmetical accuracy of transactions recorded in the journal, posted into the ledger and balanced in the ledger accounts. The balance of ledger accounts shows the difference between the total of the debit items and credit items in an account. Personal, real and nominal accounts are considered for preparing the trial balance. Generally, it is prepared at the end of an accounting year. However, it may be prepared at the end of any chosen period, which may be monthly, quarterly, half yearly or annually depending upon when it is required. It helps in the preparation of the financial statements.
Q2. Give two examples of errors of principle?
Solution: Generally accepted accounting principles are to be followed to record the accounting entries. When accounting entries are recorded in contravention of accounting principles, it is known as an error of principle.
1. Wages paid for installation of new machinery debited to wages account:
2. Wages paid for installation of new machinery is a capital expenditure and accordingly machinery account should have been debited. But, here it is treated as revenue expenditure and is debited to wages account. Thus, it violates the accounting principle.
3. Amount spent on repair of building debited to machinery account: Expense on repair is revenue expenditure and not a capital expenditure. The amount should have been debited to repairs account and to the machinery account which is a capital account. Thus, it violates the accounting principle.
Q3. Give two examples of errors of commission?
Solution: Errors of commission are committed because of wrong recording, wrong posting, wrong balancing and wrong casting of subsidiary books. Such errors affect the accuracy of the trial balance. Cash received from a creditor worth Rs.5,000 is recorded in the cash book as Rs.500.
The transaction is recorded in the cashbook as Rs.500 instead of Rs.5,000. This is an error because of the wrong recording of amount in the cash book. 1. Amount received from Arun Rs.2,000, is wrongly posted in Tarun’s account. In this transaction, Tarun’s A/c is credited instead of Arun’s A/c. This is referred to as an error of wrong posting of transactions.
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