CBSE Class 12 Social Science Outcomes of Democracy Set B MCQs with answers available in Pdf for free download. The MCQ Questions for Class 12 Social Science with answers have been prepared as per the latest syllabus, NCERT books and examination pattern suggested in Standard 12 by CBSE, NCERT and KVS. Multiple Choice Questions are an important part of exams for Grade 12 Social Science and if practiced properly can help you to get higher marks. Refer to more Chapter-wise MCQs for NCERT Class 12 Social Science and also download more latest study material for all subjects
Outcomes of Democracy Class 12 Social Science MCQ
Class 12 Social Science students should refer to the following multiple-choice questions with answers for Outcomes of Democracy in standard 12. These MCQ questions with answers for Grade 12 Social Science will come in exams and help you to score good marks
Outcomes of Democracy MCQ Questions with Answers
Outcomes of Democracy
Q.1:- Which of the following forms of government has support in genial
(b) Monarchy rule
(c) Military rule
(d) Rule of religious leaders
Q.2:- The most important outcome of democracy is
(a) Accountable government
(b) Responsive government
(c) Both of them
(d) None of them
Q.3:- Democracy is based on the idea of
(b) Minority `
(c) Deliberation and negotiation
(d) None of these
Q.4:- In a democratic government, a citizen has the right and the means to examine thedecisions taken by the govt. It is known as-
Q.5:- “Democracy is a government of the people, by the people and for the people.”is said by-
(a) Abraham Lincoln
(c) Mahatma Gandhi
(d) Jawahar Lal Nehru
Question. What is meant by transparency?
Ans. To examine the process of decision-making in a democracy is known as transparency.
Question. How does democracy produce an accountable government?
Ans. In an accountable government, people have the right to elect the leaders to form government and if possible they participate in decision making process.
Question. Evidence shows that in practice, many democracies did not fulfill the expectations of producing economic development in the country. Validate the statement with the help of relevant example.
Ans. (i) If we consider all democracies and all dictatorships for the fifty years between 1950 and 2000, dictatorship has slightly higher rate of economic growth.
(ii) Economic development depends on several factors : country’s population size, global situation, cooperation from other countries, etc.
(iii) However, the difference in the rates of economic development between less developed countries with dictatorships and democracies is negligible.
(iv) Overall, it cannot be said that democracy is a guarantee of economic development. But we can expect democracy not to lag behind dictatorships in this respect.
(v) With small difference in the rates of economic growth between countries under dictatorship and democracy, it is better to prefer democracy as it has several other positive outcomes. Such as- the decisions are taken after a consensus is formed. The economic development is more likely to be broad based and benefit larger section of the society. In a democracy the people are citizens and not subjects.
Question. How are the democratic governments better than the other forms of government? Compare.
Ans. The democratic governments are better than other forms of governments:
(i) They hold regular elections, while it is not the case in other form of governments.
(ii) They guarantee rights to citizens, while it is not the case in the other form of governments.
(iii) Such government accommodates social diversities, while this does not happen in other forms of government.
Question. Establish the relationship between democracy and development.
Ans. In general there is a healthy relationship between democracy and development. However,
(a) Experience from poor countries show that economic growth under dictatorship regime has been slightly faster. However such societies lack positive social aspects of personal dignity and freedom.
(b) It can be said that in democracies, opportunities for economic growth are available to a large section of the population. This indicates that the chances of economic inequality is reduced.
(c) A democratic government is more likely to spend resources on public projects such as education, health, public transport, etc. which has a positive effect on the population. Thus holistically democracy scores much more than dictatorship.
(d) Democracy provides better conflict resolution by discussion and negotiation; rather than through violent means which destroys public resources, property and morale of the people.
Question. Explain the meaning of ‘sectional interest group’.
Ans. Sectional interest groups seek to represent the common interests of a particular section of society. As a result, members of sectional pressure groups are directly and personally concerned with the outcome of the campaign fought by the group because they usually stand to gain from it.
Question. Name any two sectional interest groups.
Ans. Labors’ Union, Farmer Associations are two sectional interest groups.
Question. Explain the role of democratic government in reducing economic disparities.
Ans. The government plays an important role in reducing economic disparities by adopting the following measures:
(i) Government ensures equal distribution of wealth, so that there is no large gap between the rich and the poor.
(ii) Government undertakes extensive social welfare schemes and strives to achieve universal literacy rate.
(iii) Government takes care to provide equal opportunities to all. The income should be eventually distributed among the people.
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