CBSE Class 12 Social Science Challenges to Democracy MCQs with answers available in Pdf for free download. The MCQ Questions for Class 12 Social Science with answers have been prepared as per the latest 2021 syllabus, NCERT books and examination pattern suggested in Standard 12 by CBSE, NCERT and KVS. Multiple Choice Questions for important part of exams for Grade 12 Social Science and if practiced properly can help you to get higher marks. Refer to more Chapter wise MCQs for NCERT Class 12 Social Science and also download more latest study material for all subjects
Q.1: - The challenge of deepening of democracy involves –
(a) Applying basic principal of democracy govt. across all the regions.
(b) Strengthening of the institutions and practices of democracy.
(c) Inclusion of women and minority groups indecision making.
(d) Challenge of expansion.
Q.2: - The challenge of expansion of a democracy required –
(a) Keeping military a way from the govt.
(b) Less decisions should remain outside the democratic control.
(c) Bringing clown the influence of the rich.
(d) Establishing a functional state.
Q3: - Name of law which empowers people to carry out democratic reforms—
(a) Right to information Act.
(b) Companies Act.
(c) MRTP Act
(d) None of these.
Q.4: - which kind of lows are considered the best for democratic reforms?
(a) Laws that seek to bar something.
(b) Lows that seek to promote the benefit of a particular section of society.
(c) Lows that empower people to carry out democratic reforms.
(d) None of these.
Q.5: - Which of the following countries disregards the UN and lakes unilateral decisions in the world affairs?
Question. Explain the meaning of political reforms.
Ans. Political reforms are initiatives that are taken to overcome the various challenges in political and social life are called political reforms.
Question. Which one of the following is a better way to carry out political reforms in a democratic country?
(a) Legal changes
(b) Empowerment of people
(c) Constitutional changes
(d) Legislation reforms
Ans. (c) Constitutional changes
Question. Suggest some broad guidelines that can be kept in mind while devising ways and means for political reforms in India.
Ans. Guidelines for political reform :
(i) Any legal change must carefully consider at what result it will have on politics. Sometimes the result may be counter-productive.
(ii) The main focus of political reforms should be on ways to strengthen the democratic practice.
(iii) Any proposal for political reforms should think not only about what is a good solution but also about who will implement it and how.
Question. What type of financial reforms should be brought to strengthen democracy and why?
Ans. 1 The financial accounts of every political party should be made public. These accounts should be examined by government auditors.
2. There should be state funding of elections. Parties should be given some money by the government to meet their election expenditure.
3. Citizens should be encouraged to give more donations to parties and to political workers not involving cash transaction. Such donations should be exempt from income tax.
4. Most of the political parties are dependent on money given by big business houses. The worry is that the role of money in politics reduces whatever little voice the poor have in our democracy.
Question. Explain the challenges faced by countries which do not have a democratic form of government.
Ans. (i) These countries face the foundational challenge of making transition to democracy and then instituting democratic government.
(ii) They also face the challenge of bringing down the existing non-democratic regime and keeping the military away from controlling the government.
(ii) Such countries have to make great efforts to establish a sovereign and functional democracy.
Question. Explain the three major challenges faced by modern democracies.
Ans. Challenges faced by modern democracies are :
(i) Deepening of democracy : This involves applying the basic principle of democratic government across all the regions, different social groups and various institutions.
(ii) Every democracy face the challenge of expansion.
This involves strengthening of the institutions and practices of democracy. It requires an attempt to bring down control and influence of the rich and powerful people in making governmental decision.
Example : In USA, African-American people have won equal rights, but are still poor, less educated and marginalised.
Question. What are the guidelines to be kept in mind while adopting political reforms?
Ans. The guidelines to be kept in mind while adopting political reforms include :
(i) Involving political parties, political activist and people in bringing about reforms rather than impose reforms through laws.
(ii) Legal measures should be positive, more like incentives that will encourage action.
(iii) Improving the quality of political practices by increasing people’s participation.
(iv) Laws being considered may meet with resistance in the legislatures and by political parties.
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