NCERT Class 6 Civics Rural Livelihoods

Scroll down to download pdf file

NCERT Class 6 Civics Rural Livelihoods. Download NCERT Chapters and Books in pdf format. Easy to print and read. Copies of these textbooks may be downloaded and used as textbooks or for reference. Refer to other chapters and books at other links (NCERT now providing you soft copies of all textbooks of all subjects from class first to twelfth online). 

Chapter 8

Rural

Livelihoods

Kalpattu village

Kalpattu is a village that's close to the sea coast in Tamil Nadu. People here do many kinds of work. As in other villages, here too there is non-farm work such as making baskets, utensils, pots, bricks, bullock-carts etc. 

There are people who provide services such as blacksmiths, nurses, teachers, washermen, weavers, barbers, cycle repair mechanics and so on. There are also some shopkeepers and traders. In the main street, which looks like a bazaar, you will find a variety of small shops such as tea shops, grocery shops, barber shops, a cloth shop, a tailor and two fertiliser and seed shops. There are four teashops, which sell tiffin – such as idli, dosai and upama in the morning and snacks like vadai, bonda and mysorepak in the evening. Near the teashops in a corner lives a blacksmith family whose home serves as their workshop. Next to their home is a cycle hire and repair shop. Two families earn a living by washing  clothes. There are some people who goto the nearby town to work as construction workers and lorry drivers.

The village is surrounded by low hills. Paddy is the main crop that is grown in irrigated lands. Most of the families earn a living through agriculture.

There are some coconut groves around. Cotton, sugar cane and plantain are also grown, and there are mango orchards. Let us now meet some people who work in the  fields in Kalpattu and see what we can learn about farming from them.

Thulasi

All of us here work on Ramalingam's land. He has twenty acres of paddy fields in Kalpattu. Even before I was married I used to work on paddy fields in my parental village. I work from 8.30 in the morning till 4.30 in the evening and Karuthamma, Ramalingam's wife, supervises us.

This is one of the few times in the year that I find regular work. Now I am transplanting the paddy, when the plants have grown a bit Ramalingam will call us again for weeding and then finally once again for the harvesting. When I was young I could do this work with no difficulty. But now as I grow older I find bending for long hours with my feet in water very painful. Ramalingam pays Rs 40 per day. This is a little less than what labourers get in my home village, but I come here because I can depend on him to call me whenever there is work. Unlike others, he does not go looking for cheaper labour from other villages.

My husband, Raman is also a labourer. We don't own any land. During this time of the year he sprays pesticides. When there is no work on he farm he finds work outside, either loading sand from the river or stone from the quarry nearby. This is sent by truck to be used in nearby towns to make houses.

Apart from working on the land, I do all the tasks at home. I cook food for my family, clean the house and wash clothes. I go with other women to the nearby forest to collect firewood. About one kilometre away we have a village borewell from where I fetch water. My husband helps in getting materials such as groceries for the house. Our school-going daughters are the joy of our lives. Last year, one of them fell ill and had to be taken to the hospital in town. We had to sell our cow to pay back the money we borrowed from Ramalingam for her treatment.

QUESTIONS

1. You have probably noticed that people in Kalpattu are engaged in a variety of non-farm work. List five of these.

2. List the different types of people you read about in Kalpattu who depend on farming. Who is the poorest among them and why?

3. Imagine you are a member of a fishing family and you are discussing whether to take a loan from the bank for an engine. What would you say?

4. Poor rural labourers like Thulasi often do not have access to good medical facilities, good schools, and other resources. You have read about inequality in the first unit of this text. The difference between her and Ramalingam is one of inequality. Do you think this is a fair situation? What do you think can be done? Discuss in class.

5. What do you think the government can do to help farmers like Sekar when they get into debt? Discuss.


Please refer to attached file for NCERT Class 6 Civics Rural Livelihoods

Tags: 


Click on the text For more study material for Social Science please click here - Social Science

Latest NCERT & CBSE News

Read the latest news and announcements from NCERT and CBSE below. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning

What Is The Secret Of Choosing A Good Tutor For Your Child?

Is your child lost in the maze of syllabus, chapters, millions of topics and huge books? Does your child feel lost in a class filled with many students? Is your child unable to bring in the best results? Well, then, you definitely need to find some alternative...

CBSE Board Exams Changes to be implemented in exam pattern

CBSE Board Exams Class 10 & 12 2020: Changes to be implemented in exam pattern Are you appearing for the CBSE Class 10 and 12 Board Exams 2020? If yes, then you have to check out what CBSE has brought the major changes for the CBSE class 10 and 12 board exams 2020...

CBSE Class 10 Board Exam 2020

CBSE Class 10 Board Exam 2020: Problems Students May Face In Choosing Subject The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) class 10 board examination will start from February 2020. The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has started the process of filling...

UP government schools will follow NCERT

UP government schools will follow NCERT pattern from April 2020Are you appearing for the UP exams 2020? If yes, then you have to see what major changes UP government schools have brought for 2020.The UP government is fully prepared to implement NCERT pattern for...

CBSE Board Exam 2020 Major developments

CBSE Board Exam 2020: Major developments for Class 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th | Check details : CBSE board exam 2020: Here are all the major decisions that the CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) has taken for Classes 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th. In the last 2...

CBSE Class 12th Board Exam 2020

CBSE Class 12th Board Exam 2020: Here are some exam preparation tips Every year the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) conducts annual board exams for the students of 10th and 12th grade in February / March. Class 12th board exams play a very significant role...

Studies Today