CBSE Class 9 Social Science - Nazism And The Rise of Hitler. Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning. The attached concepts made as per NCERT and CBSE pattern will help the student to understand the chapter and score better marks in the examinations.
TERM I (NOTES)
Nazism And The Rise of Hitler
Q-1) What were the provisions of treaty of Versailles?
A-1) The treaty of Versailles was harsh and humiliating one. It’s provisions were:-
1.Germany lost its overseas colonies, a tenth of it’s population,13 percent of it’s territories,75 percent of its iron and 26 percent of its coal to France, Poland, Denmark and Lithuania.
2. The allied powers demilitarized Germany to weaken its power.
3.Germany was forced to pay compensation of the damages. Allied countries Suffered amounting to $6 billion.
4.The allied armies also occupied the resource rich Rhineland for much of 1920’s.-
Q-2) Who were the NOVEMBER CRIMINALS ?
A-2)After Germany lost in world war 1 and its emperor was abdicated, a national assembly was formed atWeimar i.e the German parliament.It was known as Weimar republic, mainly socialists, catholics and democrats and became easy targets of attack in the conservative nationalist circles.They were mockingly called “NOVEMBER CRIMINALS”
Q-3) Explain the following:-
1.ALLIES-The Allies powers were initially led by the UK and France.In 1941 they were joined by the USSR and USA.They fought against powers namely GERMANY,ITALY and JAPAN.
2.REISHSTAG- After Germany lost in world war 1,a national assembly met at Weimar and established a democratic constitution with a federal structure in Germany.The newly elected german parliament was called REISHSTAG.
3.CONCENTRATION CAMPS-A camp where people were isolated and detained without due process of law. Typically it was surrounded by electrified fences.
4.JUNGVOLK- Nazi youth groups for children below 14 years of age.
5.HOLOCAUST-The nazi rilling operationa during which the jews endured atrocities and suffereing were called as HOTOCAUST.
6.LEKENSRAUMOR LIVING SPACE-It was the geopolitical concept of Hitler’s ideology.He believed that new territories had to be acquired for settlement which would enhance the area of mother country and enable the settelers on new lands to retain an intimate link with the place of origin.
7.GESTAPO OR THE SECRET STATE POLICE-It was a special surveillance and security force created to control and order society in ways that the Nazis wanted. It was thus given extra constitutional powers.
8.NUREMBERG TRIBUNAL-At the end of world war 2,an international military tribunal at Nuremberg was set up to prosecute nazi war criminals for crimes against peace, against humanity, for war crimes.
9.NAZI PARTY-German worker’s party was a small group and was joined by Adolph Hitler in 1919 who subsequently took over the organization and renamed it as the NATIONAL SOCIALIST GERMAN WORKER’S PARTYor NAZI PARTY.
10.GREAT ECONOMIC DEPRESSION-During this factories were shut down,exports fell, farmers were badly hit and speculators withdrew their money from the market. The effects of this recession in US economy were felt worldwide.
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