CBSE Class 11 English Reading Concepts (Part A). Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning. The attached concepts made as per NCERT and CBSE pattern will help the student to understand the chapter and score better marks in the examinations.
A.1 Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow it
In 3000 years of our history people from all over the world have come and invaded us, captured our lands, conquered our minds. From Alexander onwards, The Greeks, the Turks, the Moguls, the Portuguese, the British, the French, the Dutch, all of them came and looted us, took over what was ours. Yet we have not done this to any other nation. We have not conquered anyone. We have not grabbed their land, their culture, their history and tried to enforce our way of life on them. Why? Because we respect the freedom of others.
That is why my first vision is that of FREEDOM. I believe that India got its first vision of this in 1857, when we started the war of independence. It is this freedom that we must protect and nurture and build on. If we are not free, no one will respect us.
My second vision for India is DEVELOPMENT. For fifty years we have been a developing nation. It is time we see ourselves as a developed nation. I have a THIRD vision. India must stand up to the world. Because I believe that unless India stands up to the world, no one will respect us. Only strength respects strength. We must be strong not only as a military power but also as an economic power. Both must go handinhand.
My good fortune was to have worked with three great minds. Dr. Vikram Sarabhai of the Dept. of space, Professor Satish Dhawan, who succeeded him and Dr. Brahm Prakash, father of nuclear material. I was lucky to have worked with all three of them closely and consider this the great opportunity of my life.
Here I am reminded an instance – One day an orthopedic surgeon from Nizam Institute of Medical Sciences visited my laboratory. He lifted the material and found it so light that he took me to his hospital and showed me his patients. There were these little girls and boys with heavy metallic calipers weighing over three kg. each, dragging their feet around. He said to me: Please remove the pain of my patients. In three weeks, we made these Floor reaction Orthosis 300 gram calipers and took them to the orthopaedic centre. The children didn't believe their eyes. From dragging around a three kg. load on their legs, they could now move around! Their parents had tears in their eyes. That was a bliss to me.
I have a question :
Why is the media here so negative? Why are we in India so embarrassed to recognize our own strengths, our achievements? We are such a great nation. We have so many amazing success stories but we refuse to acknowledge them. Why?
Another question :
Why are we, as a nation so obsessed with foreign things? We want foreign TV’s we want foreign shirts. We want foreign technology. Why this obsession with everything imported? Don’t we realise that selfrespect comes with selfreliance? I was in Hyderabad giving this lecture, when a 14year old girl asked me for my autograph. I asked her what her goal in life is: She replied: ‘I want to live in a developed India.’ For her, you, I will have to build this developed India.
You must proclaim. As an aside from yours truly: India is not an underdeveloped nation, it is a highly developed nation in an advanced state of decay! (A.P.J. Abdul Kalam).
1.A Pick out the correct option :
a) India has been plundered by :
i) the Greeks and the Portuguese
ii) the French and the Dutch
iii) the British
iv) all of the above.
b) How long did it take to make Orthosis 300 gm callipers?
i) One week
ii) two weeks
iii) three weeks
iv) four weeks
B. Answer the following questions in reference to the above passage.
a) What does Kalam want us to protect and nurture?
b) Why must India stand up to the world?
c) The great scientists who inspired A.P.J. Abdul Kalam are
(i) ___________ (ii) ___________ and (iii) ____________
d) Why do we need to give up our obsession with foreign things?
e) Find the synonym of ‘Nurse’.
f) Find the antonym of ‘withhold’.
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