CBSE Class 11 English full Study material. Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning. The attached concepts made as per NCERT and CBSE pattern will help the student to understand the chapter and score better marks in the examinations.
SECTION - A
Reading Unseen Passages for Comprehension and Note Making
This section will have two unseen passages followed by a variety of questions. The total length of the two passages shall be around 1100 (600 + 500).
Question 1: Long Reading Passage of 600 Words 08 Marks
Question 1 shall have two sets of questions
a) 6 Questions carrying 1 mark each, out of which two shall be MCQs - 6x1= 6 Marks
b) Vocabulary Testing - 2 Questions carrying one mark each. 2x1= 2 Marks
Question 2: Reading Passage of 500 Words for Summary and Note Making 07 Marks
a) Note making - 5 Marks
b) Summary - 2 Marks
Reading skill is one of the cardinal skills of language. As listening paves the way for speaking skills, reading skill enhances the confidence of the learner in his written presentation.
Comprehension means understanding or perception.
Points to remember while attempting this section.
- Develop ability to comprehend the passage as a whole
- Concentrate on the main ideas and important vocabulary
- To save time, read the questions first and then the passage.
- Answer the questions in simple language
• Make a habit of regular reading of a newspaper, magazine (Speaking tree from The Times Of India, Down to Earth Magazine, Editorial (The Hindu) etc.)
1. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow:
University of Cambridge, is an institution of higher education, the second-oldest university in the United Kingdom after the University of Oxford. It is located in the city of Cambridge, Cambridge shire. (para-1)
The University of Cambridge is a loose confederation of academic faculties and departments, and 31 colleges. There are over 15,500 full-time students taught at the university: 11,000 undergraduates and 4,500 graduates. Although the colleges and the university per se are separate bodies, all are parts of an integrated educational entity. The university examines candidates for degrees during their residency and at the conclusion of their studies; confers degrees; regulates the curricula of the colleges and the system of education; deals with disciplinary problems; and administers facilities, such as libraries, lecture rooms, and laboratories, that are beyond the scope of the colleges. The colleges provide their students with lodgings and meals, assign tutors, and offer social, cultural, and athletic activities. Every student at the University of Cambridge is a member of a college. (para-2)
The academic year is divided into three terms of approximately eight weeks each: Michaelmas (autumn), Lent (late winter), and Easter (spring). Students are required to be in residence for the duration of each term. Much of the year's work is done, however, out of term time, during the holidays. Students usually study under the supervision of members of the college's faculties, who maintain close relationships with the small groups of students in their charge and assist them in preparing for university exams. (para-3)
Bachelor of Arts degrees may be conferred, upon the satisfactory completion of exams, after nine terms, or three years of residency. The majority of students are candidates for honours degrees and take a special examination called a tripos (named after the three-legged stools on which examiners formerly sat). Successful candidates for triposes are classified as first, second, or third class according to their standing. Other degrees conferred by the university include the Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy degrees, as well as higher doctorates in law, medicine, music, science, and theology. (para-4)
The University of Cambridge figured prominently in the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century. The Dutch scholar Desiderius Erasmus was a professor of Greek and divinity at Cambridge from 1511 to 1514 and translated the New Testament from Greek into Latin there; the religious reformers William Tyndale, Hugh Latimer, and Thomas Cranmer were educated at Cambridge. As a result of the decrees of Henry VIII establishing the Church of England, the humanistic method of study replaced the scholastic. Canon law studies were ended, public lectures in Latin and Greek were held, and the Bible was studied in the light of contemporary learning. (para-5)
A reaction took place, however, during the reign of Elizabeth I, when Cambridge became a stronghold of Puritanism. Restrictive legislation enacted in 1570 transferred teaching authority to the heads of the colleges. In 1604, early in the reign of James I, the university was granted the right to elect two members to the English Parliament; this right was ended in 1949. During the 17th century the group of scholars known as the Cambridge Platonists emerged, and, through the influence of such faculty members as the scientists Isaac Barrow and Sir Isaac Newton, an emphasis on the study of mathematics and natural sciences developed for which Cambridge has subsequently become renowned. (para-6)
(a) Answer the following questions in a sentence or two:
i. What is the duration of the three terms in every academic year? Answer: Approximately three weeks.
ii. What are basic functions that the colleges perform in respect with the students?
Answer: . The colleges provide their students with lodgings and meals, assign tutors, and offer social, cultural, and athletic activities.
iii. Does the University provide only bachelor degrees?
Answer: No, apart from bachelor degrees, the University also provides other degrees such as Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy, as well as higher doctorates in law, medicine, music, science, and theology.
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