CBSE Class 10 Science Chemistry Metals and Non Metals Assignment

Read and download free pdf of CBSE Class 10 Science Chemistry Metals and Non Metals Assignment. Get printable school Assignments for Class 10 Chemistry. Standard 10 students should practise questions and answers given here for Chapter 3 Metals And Nonmetals Chemistry in Grade 10 which will help them to strengthen their understanding of all important topics. Students should also download free pdf of Printable Worksheets for Class 10 Chemistry prepared as per the latest books and syllabus issued by NCERT, CBSE, KVS and do problems daily to score better marks in tests and examinations

Assignment for Class 10 Chemistry Chapter 3 Metals And Nonmetals

Class 10 Chemistry students should refer to the following printable assignment in Pdf for Chapter 3 Metals And Nonmetals in standard 10. This test paper with questions and answers for Grade 10 Chemistry will be very useful for exams and help you to score good marks

Chapter 3 Metals And Nonmetals Class 10 Chemistry Assignment

Question. Generally metals react with acids to give salt and hydrogen gas. Which of the given acids does not give hydrogen gas on reacting with metals (except Mn and Mg)?
(a) H2SO4
(b) HCl
(c) HNO3
(d) All the these
Answer : C

Question. Which of the following property is generally not shown by metals?
(a) Electrical conduction
(b) Sonorous
(c) Dullness
(d) Ductility
Answer : C

Question. A reactive metal can replace a _________ reactive metal, but a _______reactive one cannot replace a ________reactive metal from its salt solution.
Fill the blanks with respectively in given order.
(a) less, more, less, more
(b) less, less, more, more
(c) more, more, less, less
(d) more, less, less, more
Answer : D

Question. Which of the following are the allotropes of carbon?
(a) Diamond and graphite
(b) Turpentine and kerosene
(c) Glass and borosilicate
(d) Fullerene and Soil
Answer : A

Question. Which among the following statements is incorrect for magnesium metal?
(a) It burns in oxygen with a dazzling white flame
(b) It reacts with cold water to form magnesium oxide and evolves hydrogen gas
(c) It reacts with hot water to form magnesium hydroxide and evolves hydrogen gas
(d) It reacts with steam to form magnesium hydroxide and evolves hydrogen gas
Answer : B

Question. An element A is soft and can be cut with a knife. This is very reactive to air and cannot be kept open in air. It reacts vigorously with water. Identify the element from the following
(a) Mg
(b) Na
(c) P
(d) Ca
Answer : B

Question. The ability of metals to be drawn into thin wire is known as
(a) ductility
(b) malleability
(c) sonorousity
(d) conducitivity
Answer : A

Question. An aluminium strip is kept immersed in a freshly prepared ferrous sulphate solution taken in a test tube, the change observed is that
(a) Green solution slowly gets decolourised with brown deposits.
(b) Lower end of the test tube becomes slightly warm
(c) A colourless gas with smell of burning sulphur is evolved
(d) Light green solution changes to blue
Answer : A

Question. Metallic oxide are generally _______in nature.
(a) Acidic
(b) Basic
(c) Neutral
(d) Amphoteric
Answer : B

Question. Aluminium is used for making cooking utensils. Which of the following properties of aluminium are responsible for the same?
(i) Good thermal conductivity
(ii) Good electrical conductivity
(iii) Ductility
(iv) High melting point
(a) (i) and (ii)
(b) (i) and (iii)
(c) (ii) and (iii)
(d) (i) and (iv)
Answer : D

Question. Which one among the following is an acidic oxide?
(a) Na2O
(b) CO
(c) CO2
(d) Al2O3
Answer : C

Question. Phosphorous is a reactive _______________and it is stored in __________
(a) Metal, water
(b) Metal, kerosene
(c) Non-metal, water
(d) Non-metal, kerosene
Answer : C

Question. Which of the following gas gives limewater test?
(a) Oxygen
(b) Nitrogen
(c) Carbon dioxide
(d) Hydrogen
Answer : C

Question : A metal M readily forms water soluble sulphate MSO4 , water insoluble hydroxide M(OH)2 and oxide MO which becomes inert on heating. The hydroxide is soluble in NaOH. The M is : 
a. Be
b. Mg
c. Ca
d. Sr
Answer : A

Question : The solubilities of carbonates decrease down the magnesium group due to a decrease in :
a. hydration energies of cations
b. inter ionic interaction
c. entropy of solution formation
d. lattice energies of solids.
Answer : A

Question : Several blocks of magnesium are fixed to the bottom of a ship to : 
a. make the ship lighter
b. prevent action of water and salt
c. prevent puncturing by under-sea rocks
d. keep away the sharks.
Answer : B

Question : One mole of magnesium nitride on the reaction with an excess of water gives :
a. one mole of ammonia
b. one mole of nitric acid
c. two moles of ammonia
d. two moles of nitric acid.
Answer : C

Question : Beryllium and aluminium exhibit many properties which are similar. But, the two elements differ in
a. exhibiting maximum covalency in compounds
b. forming polymeric hydrides
c. forming covalent halides
d. exhibiting amphoteric nature in their oxides.
Answer : A

Question : Following statements regarding the periodic trends of chemical reactivity of the alkali metals and the halogens are given. Which of these statements gives the correct picture ? 
a. The reactivity decreases in the alkali metals but increases in the halogens with increase in atomic number down the group.
b. In both the alkali metals and the halogens the chemical reactivity decreases with increase in atomic number down the group.
c. Chemical reactivity increases with increase in atomic number down the group in both the alkali metals and halogens.
d. In alkali metals the reactivity increases but in the halogens it decreases with increase in atomic number down the group.
Answer : D

Question : The ionic mobility of alkali metal ions in aqueous solution is maximum for : 
a. K+
b. Rb+
c. Li+
d. Na+
Answer : B

Question : Which one of the following orders presents the correct sequence of the increasing basic nature of the given oxides ?
a. Al2O3 < MgO < Na2O < K2O
b. MgO < K2O < Al2O3 < Na2O
c. Na2O < K2O < MgO < Al2O3
d. K2O < Na2O < Al2O3 < MgO
Answer : A

Question : The products obtained on heating LiNO3 will be : 
a. Li2O + NO2 + O2
b. Li3N + O2
c. Li2O + NO + O2
d. LiNO3 + O2
Answer : A

Question : Which of the following on thermal decomposition yields a basic as well as acidic oxide ?
a. NaNO3
b. KClO3
c. CaCO3
d. NH4NO3
Answer : C

Question : Aluminium is extracted by the electrolysis of :
a. alumina
b. bauxite
c. molten cryolite.
d. alumina mixed with molten cryolite
Answer : D

Question : Graphite is a soft solid lubricant extremely difficult to melt. The reason for this anomalous behaviour is that graphite : 
a. is a non-crystalline substance.
b. is an allotropic form of diamond.
c. has molecules of variable molecular masses like polymers.
d. has carbon atoms arranged in large plates of rings of strongly bound carbon atoms with weak interplate bonds.
Answer : D

Question : Heating an aqueous solution of aluminium chloride to dryness will give :
a. Al(OH)Cl2
b. Al2O3
c. Al2Cl6
d. AlCl3
Answer : B

Question : Refining of impure copper with zinc impurity is to be done by electrolysis using electrodes as :
Cathode Anode Cathode Anode
a. pure copper pure zinc
b. pure zinc pure copper
c. pure copper impure copper
d. pure zinc impure zinc
Answer : C

Question : Aluminium is extracted by the electrolysis of : 
a. alumina
b. bauxite
c. molten cryolite
d. alumina mixed with molten cryolite
Answer : D

Question : The metal extracted by leaching with a cyanide is :
a. Mg
b. Ag
c. Cu
d. Na
Answer : B

Question : Which one of the following ores is best concentrated by froth floatation method ? 
a. magnetite
b. cassiterite
c. galena
d. malachite.
Answer : C

Question : Heating mixture of Cu2O and Cu2S will give : 
a. Cu2SO3
b. CuO + CuS
c. Cu + SO3
d. Cu + SO2
Answer : D

Question : During the process of electro-refining of copper some metals present as impurity settle as anode mud.
These are : 
a. Sn and Ag
b. Pb and Zn
c. Ag and Au
d. Fe and Ni
Answer : C

Question : Which method of purification is represented by the following equation : 
Ti (s) + 2I2(g) →523K  TiI4(g)  →1700K  Ti (s) + 2I2(g)
a. Zone refining
b. Cupellation
c. Polling
d. Van Arkel
Answer : D

Question : In the context of the Hall - Heroult process for the extraction of Al, which of the following statements is false?
a. CO and CO2 are produced in this process 
b. Al2O3 is mixed with CaF2 which lowers the melting point of the mixture and brings conductivity
c. Al3+ is reduced at the cathode to form Al
d. Na3AlF6 serves as the electrolyte
Answer : D

Question : Which one of the following ores is best concentrated by froth floatation method?
a. Siderite
b. Galena
c. Malachite
d. Magnetite
Answer : B

Question : Roasting is a method of heating ore: 
a. In the absence of water.
b. In the presence of water.
c. In the absence of air.
d. In the presence of air.
Answer : D
Explanation: Roasting is heating of an ore in a regular supply of air in a furnace.
Question : The group of metals which do not react with oxygen: 
a. All of these
b. Na, Cs
c. Au, Ag
d. Pt, Cu
Answer : C 
Explanation: Gold and Silver do not react with oxygen. They are less reactive metals and lie at the bottom of the reactivity series.
Question : An element belonging to 16th group of periodic table is used in the manufacturing of vulcanized rubber. This element reacts with hot and conc. HNO3 to form sulphuric acid. The concerned element is: 
a. Oxygen
b. Sulphur
c. Germanium
d. Silicon
Answer : B
Explanation: The element is Sulphur. Sulphur is used to manufacture sulphuric acid and in the vulcanisation of rubber. S + 2HNO3 --> H2SO4 + 2NO
Question : Name the reducing agent in the following reaction: 
3MnO+ 4Al → 3Mn + 2Al2O3
a. Al2O3
b. Al
c. MnO2
d. Mn
Answer : B
Explanation: Aluminium is the reducing agent in the reaction. It reduces manganese dioxide (MnO2) to manganese (Mn) and itself gets oxidised to aluminium oxide. Manganese dioxide acts as an oxidising agent.
Question : Which of the following metal reacts neither with cold water nor with hot water but reacts with hot steam to produce hydrogen gas? 
a. Mg
b. Fe
c. Ca
d. Na
Answer : B
Explanation: Sodium reacts vigorously with water. Such is the reaction that it has to be stored under kerosene. Calcium can react with cold water. Magnesium reacts with hot water. Heated iron reacts with water when hot steam is passed over it.
3Fe (s) + 4H2O (g) -> Fe3O4 (s) + 4H2 (g)

Metals And Non-Metals Assertion Reason Class 10 Science  

A. Both assertion and reason are true, and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
B. Both assertion and reason are true, but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
C. Assertion is true but reason is false.
D. Assertion is false and reason is true.

Question. Assertion: Copper displaces silver from silver nitrate solution.
Reason: Copper is more reactive than silver.

Answer: A

Question. Assertion: Aluminium oxide and zinc oxide are acidic in nature.
Reason: Amphoteric nature means that substance have both acidic and basic character.

Answer: C

Question. Assertion(A): Magnesium chloride is an ionic compound.
Reason (R): Metals and non-metals react by mutual transfer of electrons.

Answer: A

Question. Assertion (A): Hydrogen gas is not evolved when a metal reacts with nitric acid.
Reason (R): Nitric acid is a strong oxidising agent.

Answer: A

Question. Assertion(A): MgCl2 is a covalent compound.
Reason (R): MgClis a good conductor of electricity in molten state.

Answer: D

Question. Assertion: Electrovalency of Na is +1.
Reason: The number of electrons which an atom either loses or gains in the formation of an ionic bond is known as its valency.

Answer: B

Question. Assertion: Different metals have different reactivities with water and dilute acids.
Reason: Reactivity of a metal depends on its position in the reactivity series.

Answer: B

Question. Assertion: The oxides of sulphur and phosphorus are acidic in nature.
Reason: Metal oxides are basic in nature.

Answer: B

Question. Assertion: Iron is the most widely used metal. But it is never used in its pure state.
Reason: Pure iron is very soft and stretches easily when hot.

Answer: A

1 Mark Questions :

Question : Name the following: 

i) The most abundant metal in the earth crust.

ii) The only non-metallic element which exists as a liquid.

iii) The process by which a metallic oxide ore changes into metal.

iv) Minerals which can be profitably converted to metals.

Short Answer type Questions :

Question. The bronze medals are made up of ?
Answer: copper and tin

Question. Name some metals which may corrode easily?
Answer: Iron, copper, silver

Question. Aluminium is a highly reactive metal, yet it is used to make utensils for cooking why
Answer: Good conductor of heat

Question. What chemical process is used for obtaining a metal from its oxide?
Answer: Reduction process

Question. What are minerals?
Answer: The elements or compounds, which occur naturally in the earth‘s crust are known as minerals.

Question. Name the alloy of lead and tin
Answer: Solder

Question. Define calcination.
Answer: The process of changing the carbonate ores and its oxides by heating strongly in limited air

Question. What are ores?
Answer: Minerals from which metals can be profitably extracted are called ores.

Question. Which gas is produced when Cinnabar is heated in the presence of oxygen?
Answer: SO2

Question. Name the metals at the top of the activity series
Answer: Potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium and aluminium

Question : Show the electronic transfer in the formation of following :

i) Sodium oxide

ii) Calcium Hydride

ii) (Magnesium chloride ( At.Nos. Na=11 , O=8 , Ca=20 , H=1 , Mg=12 , Cl=17 )


Question : Classify the following compounds into ionic & molecular compounds.

( Fe2O3 , CO2 , Mg3N3 , NH3 , Li2O , K3N , HCl(g) , C6H12O6 , 3 , HCl (aq), CaO )


Question : Give reasons: 

i) Metals can be given different shapes according to our needs.

ii) Hydrogen is not evolved when a metal reacts with nitric acid.

iii) Aluminium oxide is considered as an amphoteric oxide.

iv) Ionic compounds conduct electricity in molten state.

v) Gold and silver are used to make jewellery. 


Question : Swasti took sulpher powder on a spatula and heated it. He collected the gas evolved by inverting a test tube over it, as shown in the figure.

Metals and Non metals_6

(a) What will be the action of gas on
(i) Dry litmus paper?
(ii) Moist litmus paper?
(b) Write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction taking place?
Answer :  (a) (i) no action on dry litmus paper (ii) moist litmus paper becomes re as the reaction taking place.
(b) Balanced equation for the reaction taking place:
         S + O2 —-→ SO2 

Question : What is amphoteric oxide? Give examples.
Answer :  Those oxides which reacts with acids as well as bases to produce salts and water are called amphoteric Oxides. E.g. Na2O, ZnO etc. 

Question : Name two metals that do not react with water at all. 
Answer : Lead and copper.

Question : State reason for the following:
(i) Lemon is used for restoring the shine of tarnished copper vessels’
(ii) Copper wires are used in electrical connections.
Answer :  (i) when a copper object remains in damp air for a considerable time, the copper reacts slowly with Caron dioxide and water in air to form a green coating of basic copper carbonate on its surface. If corroded copper vessels are treated with lemon which is acidic in nature, the acid solution dissolves Green color basic copper carbonate and makes them look shiny.
(ii)Copper metal is the next best conductor of electricity after silver metal. So electric wires are made of copper.  

Question : Name a non-metal which is lustrous and a metal which is non-lustrous.
Answer :  Iodine is a non-metal which is lustrous and lead is a non-lustrous metal.  

Question : Why are metals reducing agents where as non metals are oxidizing agents? 
Answer :  Metals have a tendency to donate electrons and get oxidized. Thus, they are reducing agents. Non- metals on the other hand have a tendency to gain electrons and get reduced. Therefore, they are oxidizing agents.
Question : Choose from the following metals to answer the questions below: 
Aluminium, calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, potassium, nickel and zinc. Name a metal which
i. is manufactured by the electrolysis of its molten oxide.
ii. is used to galvanise iron
iii. is alloyed with zinc to make brass.
iv. reacts with aqueous copper (II) sulphate to give a pink solid.
v. does not react with cold water.
Answer :  i. The metal which is manufactured by the electrolysis of its molten oxide is Aluminium.
ii. Zinc is used to galvanise iron, because it is more reactive.
iii. Copper is alloyed with zinc to make brass.
iv. Iron reacts with aqueous copper (II) sulphate to give a pink solid.
v. Iron has no reaction with cold water but it reacts with steam.
Question : Why metals replace hydrogen from dilute acids, whereas non-metals do not? 
Answer : The reason why non-metals do not displace hydrogen from dilute acids is because unlike metals, non-metals do not have a tendency to lose electrons but to gain electrons. Metals have a tendency to lose electrons. These electrons, which are readily lost by reactive metals like sodium, potassium etc are accepted by hydrogen ions of the acids, reducing them to hydrogen gas (H2)
2H+ + 2e- → H2
However, non-metals do not lose electrons readily, because of which they do not displace hydrogen from acids. Another important point to note is that not all metals will displace hydrogen from acids. Only those metals which are reactive than hydrogen will displace H2 from acid.
Question : i. Write the electron-dot structures for sodium, oxygen and magnesium.
ii. Show the formation of Na2O and MgO by the transfer of electrons.
iii. What are the ions present in these compounds? 
Answer : 
ii. Formation of :
The atomic number of sodium is 11 and it has only one valence electron.
Hence, electronic configuration of is 2, 8, 1.
The atomic number of oxygen is 8O and it has 6 electrons in its valence shell.
Hence, electronic configuration of is 2, 6.
Sodium has a tendency to lose the valence electron and oxygen has a tendency to gain the electron lost by sodium. Since, sodium can lose only one electron of the valence shell, and oxygen atom needs two electrons to complete its octet in the valence electron, two atoms of sodium combine with one atom of oxygen. By losing valence electron, sodium is changed into Naand by gaining two electrons lost by two sodium atoms, oxygen atom is changed into an oxide anion, . OIn this process , both the atoms, sodium and oxygen, obtain the stable electronic configuration of the noble gas neon.
It has 6 electrons in its valence shell. Therefore, it requires 2 more electrons to attain the stable electronic arrangement of neon gas. Thus, oxygen accepts 2 electrons donated by magnesium atom and forms a stable oxide ion, O2-
MgO is ionic compound.
iii. The ions present in Na2O are sodium ions (2Na+) and oxide ion O2-.
The ions present in MgO are magnesium ion (Mg2+) and oxide ion O2-.

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