CBSE Class 12 Geography Human Settelements. Students can download these worksheets and practice them. This will help them to get better marks in examinations. Also refer to other worksheets for the same chapter and other subjects too. Use them for better understanding of the subjects.
GIST OF THE LESSON:
1. Rural settlements
Patterns of settlements
1. Compact or nucleated settlements
2. Dispersed settlements
4. Building material
1. Constructed bygovernment
2. Provideshelter, water anddrainagefacilities
3. Provideinfrastructure facilities
4. ex .Villagization in Ethiopia, Rajasthan canal in India
I. BASED ON SETTING
1. Plain village, 2.plateau villages, 3. Coastal villages, 4. Forest villages, 5. Desert villages
II. BASED ON FUNCTION
1. Farming, 2 fisherman villages, 3.lumberjack villages, 4. Pastoral villages
III BASED ON SHAPE
1. Linear, 2. Rectangular, 3. Circular, 4. Star-shaped, 5. T-shaped, 6. Double Village,
7. Cross shaped Village
1. Lack of infrastructure
2. Supply of water
3. Road facility
5. Drought and flood
6. Absence of toilet and garbagedisposal
7: lack of ventilation
8. Lack of health facilities and education
9. Administrative town
10. Commercial towns
CLASSIFICATIONOF TOWNS ON THE BASISOF FORMS
Ex. ADDISABABA(THE NEWFLOWER) CANBERRA
BASED ON SIZE
TOWN:enlarged villages manufacturing, retail,wholesale, professional services
CITY: it is a leading town, greater number offunctions, transport terminals, major
financialinstitutions, and regional administrativeoffices
CONURBATION: coined byPATRICK GEDDES in 1915. Merging number oftowns / cities
ex.London,Manchester, Chicago, Tokyo
MEGOLOPOLIS USED BYJean Guttmann: super metropolitan region it is a union of
conurbationsex Boston toWashingtonMillion cities:London is the first town to reach onemillion
in 1800 followed byParis in 1850, NewYork 1860, 1950 therewere 80cities 438 in 2005
DISTRIBUTION OF MEGA CITIES Population More than 10 million, New York is the
first to attain this status in 1950 with population 12.5 million.
There are 25 mega cities at present.
PROBLEMS OF HUMAN SETTLEMENTS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
1. Unsustainable concentration ofpopulation
2. Congested housing and streets
3. Lack of drinking water
4. Lack ofelectricity, sewagedisposal health and education facilities
5. Lack of transport facilities
6. Health and education facilities
7. Water and air pollution
PROBLEMSOF URBAN SETTLEMENTS
I. ECONOMIC PROBLEMS
1. Decreasing employment
2. Poor of semiskilled labour
3. Saturated employment opportunities
1. Lack of health and educational facilities,
2. Transport facilities
3. Unbalanced sexratio,
4. Social ills,
5. Insufficientfinancial Resources,
6. Lack of basic needs
One marks question
Q1. Name three factors on the basis of which the villages are separated from towns.
Ans. Size of population, economic and administrative basis.
Q2. Which was the first million city in the world?
Q3. Name the country with 100%urban population.
Three marks question
Q1. What is a healthy city? Explain its basic features.
Ans. World Health Organization suggests that a healthy city must have
A clean and safe environment
Meets the basic needs of all its inhabitants.
Involves the community in local government.
Provides easily accessible Health Service
Q2. Classify rural settlements pattern on the basis of forms or shapes.
Ans. 1. Linear pattern
2. Rectangular pattern
3. Circular pattern
4. Star like pattern
5. Cross shapedpattern
Q3. Write a note on Addis Ababa.
Ans. Addis-NewandAbaba-Flower . This capital city of Ethiopia is often called the New flower.It
was established in 1878 . It is located on a hill valley topography . Anew airport known as
Bole airport has also been constructed. This multi –functional city is located in the centre of
Ethiopia and grown rapidly in the recent past.
Five marks question
Q1. What are the problems of rural settlement in developing countries?
Ans (1) Poorly equipped with infrastructure
(2) Inadequate water supply
(3) General absence of toilets and Garbage disposal facilities.
(4) The house made up of mud, wood and thatch remains susceptible to damage during
(5) Lack of proper ventilation
(6) Unmetalled roads and lack of modern communication network.
Please click the link below to download CBSE Class 12 Geography Human Settelements