Q1.Read the passage given below:
1. Why is it that there are very few women players in our orchestras? If one could reply flatly – sex discrimination: they don’t want women in orchestras – that would be a definite answer. But one can’t say that. As a matter of fact there are, if not many, a few women playing today in symphony orchestras. Nevertheless, it is true that male orchestral players are in an overwhelming majority. Why is that? I’m afraid; there is no one to answer. There are physical reasons why women don’t perform well on certain instruments. The average woman is not likely to possess sufficient lung power and sheer muscular strength to play the tuba just as an average woman’s hands are not likely to be large enough to finger a double bass satisfactorily. But what about the other instruments?
2. I think social and family pressures have been very strong in keeping women out of orchestras. Think of the prejudice that existed half a century ago against the so called ‘nice’ girls going on stage. The stage was won out for the simple reason that it had to have women more to play feminine roles in plays and operas, and was willing to offer a young woman more money than she could make in any other profession. Moreover, on stage, she was appearing an as individual, as a centre of attraction. This was gratifying to both her and her family. To this day, while the average parents are reconciled to seeing their daughter become an opera singer or concert artist, they don’t like the idea of seeing her submerging her personality to become the member of a chorus of the orchestra.
3. Another reason why we have so few women orchestral musicians is that so few of them play wind instruments well enough. They don’t play well enough because they haven’t had the proper training; and the reason for that lies in the history of orchestral music. You will find that famous European families of bassoon players or clarinetists taught their sons to play the family instrument. Their sons; but never their daughters. If they had any other pupils, those were also boys; not girls. And to this day, while women vote, hold public office and practice many other professions, without shocking our sensibilities, in this particular field, the orchestra, our attitude towards women still remains the same.
4. However, this prejudice is rapidly crumbling, and is likely to disappear entirely in a few years. For this we have to thank our high-school bands and orchestras, which offer instruction, practice, and experience in playing all orchestral instruments to boys and girls alike.
A2.1. Complete the following sentences. Write the answers in your answer sheet against the correct blank number
1. The reasons why there are only very few women orchestra players –
(a) Physical reasons
(b) Social reasons
(c) Women won out on stage because
2. The high school bands have to be thanked because
3. Lack of training has resulted in
A2.2. Find words from the passage which means the same as the phrases given below. Write your answers in the answer sheet against the correctblank number :
(a) ake a distinction/ a difference _____________________ Para 1
(b) breaking/ falling off _____________________ Para 4
(c) satisfying/ to please _____________________ Para 2
(d) learning _____________________ Para 3
Q2. Read the following poem carefully and answer the Q1 You are Shefali / Shashwat living in a hostel at Pune. Write a letter to your younger brother Pranjal advising him to behave in a disciplined manner and to follow the orders of his teachers during his trip to Jaipur with his class.
Revision Worksheet Class 9 2012