CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2016-2017. Download the latest syllabus to do your studies as per the latest guidelines issued by CBSE NCERT. The syllabus, weightage of chapters, blue print of question papers and the design of question papers is issued every year for the benefit of students. Access all syllabus for all subjects here.
Theory Paper Time 3 hrs
MM : 100
A. Fundamentals of Human Geography 30 Marks
Unit 1: Human Geography
Unit 2: People
Unit 3: Human Activities
Unit 4: Transport, Communication and Trade
Unit 5: Human settlements
Unit 6: Map Work 5 Marks
B. India: People and Economy 30 Marks
Unit 7: People
Unit 8: Human Settlements
Unit 9: Resources and Development
Unit 10: Transport, Communication and International Trade
Unit 11: Geographical Perspective on selected issues and problems
Unit 12: Map Work 5 Marks
C. Practical Work 30 Marks
Unit 1: Processing of Data and Thematic Mapping 15
Unit 2: Field study or Spatial Information Technology 10
Unit 3: Practical Record Book and Viva Voce 5
GEOGRAPHY (CODE - 029)
Part-A. Fundamentals of Human Geography 90 Periods
Unit 1: Human Geography:Nature and Scope 05 Periods
Unit 2: People 18 Periods
Population-distribution,density and growth
Population change-spatial patterns and structure; determinants of population
Age-sex ratio; rural-urban composition;
Human development - concept; selected indicators, international comparisons.
Unit 3: Human Activities28 Periods
Primary activities - concept and changing trends; gathering, pastoral, mining,
subsistence agriculture, modern agriculture; people engaged in agricultural and allied
activities - some examples from selected countries.
Secondary activities-concept; manufacturing: types - household, small scale, large
scale; agro based and mineral based industries; people engaged in secondary activities
- some examples from selected countries.
Tertiary activities-concept; trade, transport and tourism; services; people engaged in
tertiary activities - some examples from selected countries.
Quaternary activities-concept; people engaged in quaternary activities - case study
from selected countries.
Unit 4: Transport,Communication and Trade23 periods
Land transport - roads, railways; trans-continental railways.
Water transport- inland waterways; major ocean routes.
Air transport- Intercontinental air routes.
Oil and gas pipelines.
Satellite communication and cyber space- Importance and usage for geographical
information; use of GPS.
International trade-Bases and changing patterns; ports as gateways of
international trade, role of WTO in International trade.
OCEAN: National rights and international treaties.
Unit5: Human Settlements 10 periods
Settlement types - rural and urban; morphology of cities (case study); distribution
of mega cities; problems of human settlements in developing countries.
Unit6: Map Work on identification of features based on 1-5 units on the outline/
Physical/Political map of World. 05 periods
Part B : India: People and Economy 90 Periods
Unit7: People 15 Periods
Population : distribution, density and growth; composition of population -
linguistic, religious; sex,
Rural-urban and occupational-regional variations in growth of population.
Migration: international, national-causes and consequences.
Human development: selected indicators and regional patterns.
Population, environment and development.
Unit 8: Human Settlements 10 Periods
Rural settlements - types and distribution.
Urban settlements - types, distribution and functional classification.
Unit 9: Resources and Development 30 Periods
Land resources- general land use; agricultural land use, Geographical conditions
and distribution of major crops (Wheat, Rice, Tea, Coffee, Cotton, Jute,
Sugarcane and Rubber), agricultural development and problems.
Water resources-availability and utilization-irrigation, domestic, industrial and
other uses; scarcity of water and conservation methods-rain water harvesting and
watershed management (one case study related with participatory watershed
management to be introduced).
Mineral and energy resources- distribution of metallic (Iron ore, Copper, Bauxite,
Manganese); non-metallic (Mica, Salt) minerals; conventional (Coal, Petroleum,
Natural gas and Hydroelectricity) and non-conventional energy sources (solar,
wind, biogas) and conservation.
Industries - types, factors of industrial location; distribution and changing pattern
of selected industries-iron and steel, cotton textiles, sugar, petrochemicals, and
knowledge based industries; impact of liberalization, privatization and
globalization on industrial location; industrial clusters.
Planning in India- target group area planning (case study); idea of sustainable
development (case study).
Unit 10: Transport, Communication and International Trade1 5 Periods
Transport and communication-roads, railways, waterways and airways: oil and
gas pipelines; Geographical information and communication networks.
International trade- changing pattern of India's foreign trade; sea ports and their
hinterland and airports.
Unit 11: Geographical Perspective on Selected Issues and Problems (One case study tobe
introduced for each topic) 15 Periods
Environmental pollution; urban-waste disposal.
Urbanization, rural-urban migration; problems of slums.
Unit 12: Map work on locating and labelling of features based on above units on
outlinemap of India. 05 Marks
Part C Practical Work 40 Periods
Unit 1: Processing of Data and Thematic Mapping 25 Periods
Type and Sources of data: Primary, Secondary and other sources.
Tabulating and processing of data; calculation of averages, measures of central
tendency, deviation and rank correlation.
Representation of data- construction of diagrams: bars, circles and flowchart;
Construction of dot; choropleth and isopleth maps.
Data analysis and generation of diagrams, graphs and other visual diagrams using
Unit 2: Field Study or Spatial Information Technology 15 Periods
Field visit and study: map orientation, observation and preparation of sketch;
survey on any one of ;
The local concerns; pollution, ground water changes, land use and land-use
changes, poverty, energy issues.
Soil degradation, impact of floods and drought, catchment area of school, Market
survey andHousehold survey (any one topic of local concern may be taken up
for the study; observation and questionnaire survey may be adopted for the data
collection; collected data may be tabulated and analyzed with diagrams and
maps). Students can be given different topics to get more insight into various
problems of society.
Spatial Information Technology
Introduction to GIS; hardware requirements and software modules; data formats;
raster and vector data, data input, editing and topology building; data analysis; overlay
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