NCERT Solutions Class 7 Social Science Civics A Shirt in the Market

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NCERT Solutions for Class 7 for Social Science Civics Chapter 9 A Shirt in the Market


Exercises:

1. What made Swapna sell the cotton to the trader instead of selling at the Kurnool cotton market?

Answer

Swapna sold the cotton  to the trader instead  of selling  at the  Kurnool  cotton  market because:

(i)  At the beginning of the cropping season, Swapna had borrowed Rs 2,500  from  the trader at a very  high interest rate to buy seeds, fertilizers, pesticides  for cultivation.

(ii)  So, she promised to sell all her cotton  to him.

 

2. Describe the conditions of employment as well as the wages of workers in the garment exporting factory. Do you think the workers get a fair deal?

Answer

Conditions of employment in the garment exporting factory were as follows:

(i)  Workers  are employed on a temporary basis:  means they  can be asked to leave anytime when not needed.

(ii)  They have pressure  to produce  quality products in limited time.

(iii)  They have to work for long  hours.

No, the workers don't  get a fair deal as they  are not even paid the  minimal wages for their  work.  They are exploited by their  employer and their  work  is also temporary. They are not respected  for the  work they  do.


3. Think of something common that we  use. It could be sugar, tea, milk, pen, paper, pencil, etc.  Discuss through what chain  of markets this  reaches you. Can you think of the  people that help  in the production or trade?

Answer

Chain of markets to produce  milk:

(i)  Dairy  cooperatives first  purchase  milk  at different locations.

(ii)  After  that, milk  is transported to the  milk  factories by the dairy  cooperatives.

(iii)  Milk is pasteurized in the factories and packed. (iv) Packets of milk  are then  given  to the traders who transport them  to cities  where  a wholesaler purchases these.

(v)  Retailers  purchase  from  the wholesalers and then  sell these packets  of milk  to the consumers in the  open market or booths.

 

4. Arrange the statements given alongside in the correct order and then fill in the numbers in the cotton bolls accordingly. The first two have already been done for you.
1. Swapna sells the cotton to the trader.
2. Customers buy these shirts in a supermarket.
3. Trader sells cotton to the Ginning Mill.
4. Garment exporters buy the cloth from merchants for making shirts.
5. Yarn dealers or merchants give the yarn to the weavers.
6. The exporter sells shirts to the businessperson from the USA.
7.Spinning mill buys the cotton and sells yarn to the yarn dealers.
8.Weavers return with the cloth.
9. Ginning mill cleans the cotton and makes it into bales.


Answer

1. Swapna sells the cotton to the trader.
3. Trader sells cotton to the Ginning Mill. 
9. Ginning mill cleans the cotton and makes it into bales. 
7.Spinning mill buys the cotton and sells yarn to the yarn dealers. 
5. Yarn dealers or merchants give the yarn to the weavers.
8.Weavers return with the cloth.
4. Garment exporters buy the cloth from merchants for making shirts.  
6. The exporter sells shirts to the businessperson from the USA. 
2. Customers buy these shirts in a supermarket. 

 

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