CBSE Class 8 Social Science Constitution Notes

Scroll down to download pdf file

CBSE Class 8 Social Science Constitution Notes. Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning. The attached concepts made as per NCERT and CBSE pattern will help the student to understand the chapter and score better marks in the examinations.


* A constitution signifies independence. Every independent country prepares a Constitution of its own.
* A Constitution lays down the basic structure of the government under which its people are to be governed. It establishes the main organs of the government – the legislature, the executive and the judiciary.
*A constitution not only defines the powers of each organ, it demarcates the responsibilities of each. It regulates the relationship between the three organs and also with the people.
*A Constitution is a fundamental legal document according to which the government of a country functions.
*A constitution is superior to all the laws of a country. Every law enacted by the governmental machinery, has to be in conformity with the Constitution.
*Laws written in the Constitution, which are also called basic laws, act as the source according to which rules and regulations of government of a country are framed.
* In a democratic country like India, the importance of the Constitution is still more significant. In a democratic government, the citizens participate in the functioning of the government directly or indirectly, government's powers are clearly spelt out and citizens rights are mentioned clearly.

Terms to Remember :-
1. Constitution :- The term constitution comes from a Latin term which mean 'an important law' a constitution is a body of laws through which a country is governed. It determines and specifies the rights of citizen the powers of the government and how the government should function. It defines the relation between the different organs of government and citizen. Almost all the independent countries in the world today where democracy monarchy or any other form of government exists, have its own constitution.
2. Constitution Assembly :- An assembly of people's representative that writes a constitution for a country.
3. Constitutional amendment :- A change in the constitution made by the supreme legislative body in a country.
4. Fundamental Duties :- Duties specified in the constitution which every citizen should fulfil.
5. Fundamental Rights :- Some basic human rights guaranteed by our constitution for the development of the personalities.
6. Preamble :- An introductory statement of the constitution stating its aim and philosophy.
7. Socialism :- System of social organisation in which all factor of production are owned by the government.
8. Reservation Policy :- The policy of keeping a fixed number of jobs or places in school, colleges, parliament state, assemblies etc. for people who are member of scheduled caste, scheduled tribes or other backward classes.

The Indian Constitution
 How was it framed ?
The Nehru Report (1928) was the first attempt by Indians to frame a full fledged constitution for their country. The report embodied not only the perspective of the contemporary nationalist opinion but also an outline of a draft constitution for India. The demand for a constitution assembly was for the first time authoritatively conceded by the British Government, though in an indirect way and with important reservation, in what is known as the 'August offer' of 1940.

Cabinet Mission :- With the out break of world war II, the national struggle for freedom in India gathered momentum. In July 1945 a new government came to power in England. Government's intention to convene a constitution making body was announced. The British government sent three of its ministers (Sir Stafford Cripps, Lord Pethic Lawrence and Mr. A.V. Alexander) to find a solution to the question of India's Independence. This
team of minister was called Cabinet Mission.

The Constituent Assembly :-
*According to the suggestion made by the cabinet Mission elections for the 296 seats assigned to the British-Indian provinces were completed by July August 1946.
* With the independance of India, the constituent assembly became a fully sovereign body. The assembly started working from the 9th December 1946.
* The constituent Assembly had members belonging to different communities and regions of India. There were more than 30 members from scheduled castes as well.
*Anglo-Indian community was represented by Frank Anthony while Parsis were represented by H.P. Modi.
* Constitutional experts like Alladi Krishanswami Aiyar, B.R. Ambedkar, K.M. Munshi were also members of the Assembly.
* Sarojini Naidu and Vijaylakshmi Pandit were important women members.
* Sachidanand Sinha was the first President of the constituent Assembly. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first elected President of the Constituent Assembly. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar (also known as the architect of the Indian Constitution) was appointed the Chairman of the Drafting committee.
*The constituent Assembly met for 166 days spread over a period of 2 years, 11 months and 18 days. The Constitution was adopted on 26 November 1949.

Sources of Constitution of India :-
*Our Indian constitution is wider and unique because it was made by collecting information from many sources like :-
1. Ideals of justice in social, Education, Economic and political – Russian Revolution 1917.
2. Ideals of liberty, Equality and Fraternity – French Revolution 1789.
3. Federal system, office of Governor, Judiciary Public Service commission, Emergency, Administrative details – From Government of India Act-1935.
4. Parliamentary form of Government, Rule of law, legislature, single citizenship, cabinet form of government

Please click the link below to download pdf file for CBSE Class 8 Social Science Constitution Notes

Click on the text For more study material for Social Science please click here - Social Science

Latest CBSE News

  • “Education is what remains after one has forgotten what one has learned in school”-AlbertEinstein The statement is indeed true but doesn’t mistake it to be limited to academic education. It clearly implies both types of education-Academic and Non-Academic. Academic education nurtures the brain with the study related knowledge but non-academic helps to recognize the skills one possesses and...
  • While the long-standing standards for picking streams in our nation have settled that toppers and tutorially-skilled undergrads normally float towards science, it's pursued being toppled. Undergrads, today, are proactively picking the business stream, regardless of their scholarly standing. In this way, in case you're needing to pick your stream once you are done with tenth, or have just settled...
  • The Indian Board of Education is divided into two boards, CBSE and ICSE. According to the different features of the boards people choose to study in the board the prefer more. The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is a national level board of education conducted and run by the Union Government of India. It was formed 56 years ago on 3rd November 1962. It is for public and private...
  • If you’re the one who opted for the medical stream because you liked studying biology. Unfortunately, you have been unable to clear the NEET exam and now worried about their future. Actually, most people think that career options for PCB end at medical. Today in this article we will be talking about some of the career options for PCB stream which students can pursue after class 12th. Here is the...
  • Board exams play a very important role in our lives. It boosts our knowledge and also helps to know our status in academic life. Both class 10th and class 12th play a very significant role in a student’s life.It also helps inselecting the stream of their own choice. So that in later, they can’t regret their decisions. Board exams are key factors in determining the course of student’s careers....
  • We all know CBSE has conducted every year board exams for class 10. As soon as we land in class 10, everyone starts suggesting different things. They tell us to study hard because this is the first step towards your career. If you are willing to take science stream in class 11th and 12th, then it is very important to get good marks in class 10. So that you can easily take your stream. Check out...
  • As soon as the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) result dates coming closer, rumours are also on the peak of its level. All the suppositions are meaningless because the board officials confirmed the declaration date of class 10th and class 12th results. This year CBSE class 10th and class 12th exams have started in the month of February and ended in the Ist week of April. As per the...